Special categories of personal data

Formerly known as “sensitive personal data”, now known under GDPR as “special categories” of personal data. The processing of these special categories are restricted by further safeguards to give extra protection to the privacy of data subjects. The “special categories” consisting of information related to an individual’s:

  • racial or ethnic origin
  • political opinions
  • religious beliefs or other beliefs of a similar nature
  • trade union membership
  • physical or mental health or condition
  • sex life and sexual orientation
  • generic data and biometric data

Personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences are not included as ‘special categories’ under GDPR, but similar extra safeguards apply to its processing.


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