Data Protection Impact Assessment (DIPA)
Also known as Privacy Impact Assessments (PIA), these form an integral part of taking a privacy by design, best practice approach, and there are certain circumstances under which organisations must conduct PIAs. They are a tool which can help organisations identify the most effective way to comply with their data protection obligations and meet individuals’ expectations of privacy, and protect against the risk of harm through use or misuse of personal information. An effective DPIA will allow organisations to identify and fix problems at an early stage, reducing the associated costs and damage to reputation which might otherwise occur. The ICO has published a code of practice to help organisations understand what DPIAs are and how to use them here.